A product of thePennsylvania Chamber Foundation

The category of Labor, Legal and Regulatory Climate contains eight measures. These are the minimum wage, right to work, percentage of employed represented by unions, unemployment compensation tax rates, workers’ compensation premium rates, forum and venue reform, joint and several liability reform, and non-economic damage reform.

Please note that due to lags in collecting and publishing data, some metrics contain data from the current year while others may lag two to three years behind.

  2009 to Most Recent Change Most Recent PA Score Most Recent Median Score Most Recent PA Rank 2009 to Most Recent Change in Rank
Minimum Wage $0.10 $7.25 $8.48 1 +26
Right to Work States N/A No 27 states have N/A N/A
Percent of Employed Represented by Unions 2.80% 13.40% 10.70% 33 +3
Unemployment Compensation Tax Rates 110.05% 111.00% 56.00% 46 -1
Workers’ Compensation Premium Rates $0.47 $1.85 $1.70 34 +3
Forum and Venue Reform N/A No 12 states have N/A N/A
Joint and Several Liability Reform No to Yes Yes 41 states have N/A N/A
Noneconomic Damage Reform N/A No 23 states have N/A N/A