The category of “Infrastructure” contains a mix of measures involving both transportation and broadband internet access and deployment. There are a couple of bright spots for Pennsylvania in the infrastructure category. Specifically, the commonwealth ranks 17th nationally for the percentage of the residential population with access to high-speed internet services and Pennsylvania ranks 8th with 5.4% of workers using public transportation to commute to work, compared to a median value of 1.5%, and ranks 12th in the nation in the number of plane trips. However, Pennsylvania ranks 35th in the number of freight miles per 1,000 people and 40th in commute time to work. Distressingly, Pennsylvania’s rank of 47th in the nation for the proportion of structurally deficient bridges, however, progress has been made, with the percentage of structurally deficient bridges in the commonwealth reduced 5.21% since 2009.
Tonnage is a well-established and almost universal measure of cargo port activity, is used frequently as a measure to calculate port fees for merchant ships, and is therefore quite universal and accurate. It is used here as a measure of both activity and capacity of Pennsylvania ports, compared to those in other states. The largest port in terms of tonnage is Texas, with 537,245,373 tons shipped, while the smallest port is 35th-ranked New Hampshire, with 2,679,152 tons shipped and 15 states do not have ports. Pennsylvania remains in among the top 10 states although the commonwealth’s rank fell since 2009, along with a decrease in total tonnage, between 2009 and 2013, while Illinois and Wisconsin moved up in rank.
|2009 to Most Recent Change||Most Recent PA Score||Most Recent Median Score||Most Recent PA Rank||2009 to Most Recent Change in Rank|
|Percent of Bridges Structurally Deficient or Functionally Obsolete||27.03%||19.77%||8.50%||48||No change|
|Commute Time||1.12||26.50||24.15||38||No change|
|Percent of Workers Using Public Transportation to Commute to Work||0.30%||5.60%||1.45%||8||No change|
|Freight Rail Miles per 1,000 People||0.14||0.40||0.05||34||-2|
|Access to High Speed Internet||15.00%||81.00%||81.00%||23||-12|
|Enplanements – Airport Activity||357,755||20,105,293||6,144,995||14||-2|
|Total Shipping Tonnage (in thousands)||26,749||65,266||36,622||7||-2|